• MACROECONOMICS UNIT III
Reading from Mankiw Principles of Economics: Ch. 25-27

 UNIT of STUDY   National Income and Price Determination    20  Days      Power Points Agg. Demand   Agg. Supply   Agg. Demand/Supply   Fiscal Policy   LFM   Inv. Demand   Phillips Curve   Multipliers             Supplemental Readings   Video Resources The material in this unit is the heart of a Macroeconomics course. Since the material is complex, students will need a theoretical construct to organize the concepts; that construct will be the Aggregate Supply-Aggregate Demand model. Students will build the components of the Classical and Keynesian models, including the consumption function, the investment function, the marginal propensity to consume and to save, and the multiplier, and will practice the simple algebra of income determination and determine Keynesian equilibrium. Finally, the relevance of this analysis to fiscal policy decisions will be shown by identifying the goals and tools of fiscal policy and end by analyzing fiscal policy through the economic concepts developed in this unit. This unit will make up 25-30% of the AP Exam.   UNIT III OBJECTIVES   1. Define Aggregate Demand, Aggregate Supply and Equilibrium2. List and explain the basic causes of shifts in Aggregate Demand and Aggregate Supply3. Graph Aggregate Demand and Aggregate Supply4. Describe what determines the amount of goods and services produced and the level of employment in the Classical theory of Aggregate Supply-Aggregate Demand5. Describe what determines the amount of goods and services produced and the level of employment in the Keynesian theory of Aggregate Supply-Aggregate Demand6. Explain how Consumption and Saving are related to Disposable Income in the Keynesian model7. Describe and calculate from given data the Marginal Propensity to Consume and the Marginal Propensity to Save8. Describe the Multiplier9. Given values for the marginal Propensity to Consume, calculate the values for the Multiplier10. Calculate the change in total spending that occurs from a given change in Business or Government expenditures when MPC is known11. Describe Keynesian Equilibrium in words and diagrams12. Explain the Equilibrium levels of Output and Employment in Keynesian analysis when prices are free to vary13. Explain and show graphically how Fiscal Policy can be used to reduce and Inflationary or Recessionary Gap14. Describe how Fiscal Policy can be used to stabilize the economy15. Distinguish between Automatic and Discretionary Stabilizers16. Distinguish between a Contractionary and Expansionary Fiscal Policy17. Evaluate Macroeconomic conditions and determine the Fiscal Policy that can be used to improve those conditions18. Use a Keynesian 45° Total Expenditure Diagram to analyze economic problems and proposed solutions to those problems19. List and explain the complications encountered in employing Fiscal Policy     Supplemental Activities   NCEE AP Macro Unit 3/4 Some people "dream" of being #1, while others wake up everyday and "work hard"at it. Are you a dreamer or a hard worker?

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