Rapid advances in science altered the understanding of the universe and the natural world and led to the development of new technologies. These changes enabled unprecedented population growth, which altered how humans interacted with the environment and threatened delicate ecological balances at local, regional, and global levels.
1. Researchers made rapid advances in science that spread throughout the world, assisted by the development of new technology.
2. Disease, scientific innovations, and conflict led to demographic shifts.
3. As the global population expanded at an unprecedented rate, humans fundamentally changed their relationship with the environment.