Oral Presentation/Argument on Controversial & Current Issue
Goal: The goal of this researched argument speech is to orally develop your stance on a current and controversial topic or issue that holds some ethical, political, or cultural implication and enter into a conversation with what has already been written on it.
The Rhetorical Situation:
Audience - The audience is the group of people who may or may not be persuaded by your argument. You will need to consider who will listening and how you want to reach them. Also consider your audience’s background- their education and life experiences and their interests. Are you aiming to affect a certain demographic? What political circumstances may affect your audience?
Purpose - Arguments have almost limitless purposes and goals. Although all parts of the rhetorical situation are linked, purpose and audience tend to be most carefully intertwined. The purpose is what the writer is trying to persuade the audience to feel, think, or act in a specific way. Therefore, a well-produced argument will take into account the expectations and backgrounds of its target audience.
Guidelines for Presenting the Argument
- Argument should contain a well-argued thesis statement (claim) with a clear introduction and conclusion.
- Support your claim with effective and appropriate evidence. When you directly quote something, make sure you introduce the source information with appropriate signal phrases to alert the audience of what’s to come (author and source title).
- Be sure to refute the strongest counterargument.
- Use present tense for all verbs for writing. Obviously, if you have to explain an historic event that has shaped the circumstance, you may use past tense.
- Presentation should be error free; speak well and communicate effectively.
- Presentation should run between 7-10 minutes – speeches that are less than 7 minutes will earn a grade of 59%. Percentage of grade will be deducted for speeches that are more than 10 minutes
- You MAY NOT read your written essay or a written speech during your presentation; it is permissible to use note cards during your speech for pertinent facts (supporting evidence)
- You may not use your cell phone or any other electronic device for notes.
Guidelines for Day of Delivery
- Turn in the rubric to your instructor – reverse side of this handout to instructor (10% grade penalty if rubric is not turned in); fill out name, topic, and claim prior to submitting it to instructor
- Dress appropriately for your audience and speech topic
- When you approach the podium, state your name, your topic and your claim clearly positioning yourself for your audience before the delivery of your speech
- Deliver your speech. Speak professionally and with confidence. Communicate effectively.
- Use signal phrases - walking the audience - to each new point (my first reason...my counter argument...etc.)
- Ask if there are any questions about your topic at the end of the speech (not part of speech timing)
There are always three speeches, for every one you actually gave. The one you practiced,
the one you gave, and the one you wish you gave. — Dale Carnegie