• Math Tools and Models 3-6

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    Math Models and Tools
    for Grades 3--6

    Below are a few Classroom Tools students use to represent their thinking in the classroom. These tools help students explain their thoughts of various strategies taught for problem solving.  Additional models are found on the K-2 link.  Links take you to YouTube videos (short) that show you how the tool is used.  Enjoy.


    Open Array with Multiplication and Division

    An array is a rectangular arrangement of a set of objects or numbers often in rows or columns used to express multiplication and division situations. Real world examples of arrays are used to help introduce these concepts. Examples of arrays are found in everyday life such as a box of chocolates, a crate of oranges, rows of chairs in an auditorium. An open array, like the open number line, is a model for multiplication and division. Unlike the closed array, the open array does not explicitly show each object in the row or column but is a pictorial representation of larger numbers. It lends itself to modeling the partial product strategy and the distributive property of multiplication.

    Multiply

    Divide

     

    Partial Product and Partial Quotient

    Using partial products to multiply is a strategy that demonstrates an understanding of the Distributive Property. The array is a way to visually represent that strategy. The following is an example of how students would use partial quotients to solve a “long division” problem. The strategy relies on using multiples of ten to “partition” the number. It is the same as the "traditional" (using compatible numbers) with the quotient recorded on the right side rather than on top of the problem.

    Product

    Quotient

     

     


     


     

     

     


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