ELA - Language

Arizona’s English Language Arts Standards – 3rd Grade

Language Standards

Conventions of Standard English

  • 3.L.1  Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
    1. Explain the function of nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs in general and their functions in particular sentences.
    2. Form and use regular and irregular plural nouns.
    3. Use abstract nouns (e.g., childhood).
    4. Form and use regular and irregular verbs.
    5. Form and use the simple verb tenses (e.g., I walked; I walk; I will walk).
    6. Ensure subject-verb and pronoun-antecedent agreement.
    7. Form and use comparative and superlative adjectives and adverbs, and choose between them depending on what is to be modified.
    8. Use coordinating and subordinating conjunctions.
    9. Produce simple, compound, and complex sentences.
    10. Write one or more paragraphs that explain a main idea within a topic and support it with details and conclusions/closure.
  • 3.L.2  Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
    1. Capitalize appropriate words in titles.
    2. Use commas in addresses.
    3. Use commas and quotation marks in dialogue.
    4. Form and use possessives.

Knowledge of Language

  • 3.L.3  Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.
    1. Choose words and phrases for effect.
    2. Recognize and observe differences between the conventions of spoken and written Standard English.

Vocabulary Acquisition and Use

  • 3.L.4  Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 3 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.
    1. Determine the meaning of the new word formed when a known affix is added to a known word (e.g., agreeable/disagreeable, comfortable/uncomfortable, care/careless, heat/preheat).
    2. Use a known root word as a clue to the meaning of an unknown word with the same root (e.g., company, companion).
    3. Use sentence-level context as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrases.
    4. Use glossaries or beginning dictionaries, both print and digital, to determine or clarify the precise meaning of key words and phrases.
  • 3.L.5  Demonstrate understanding of word relationships and nuances in word meanings.
    1. Distinguish the literal and nonliteral meanings of words and phrases in context (e.g., take steps).
    2. Identify real-life connections between words and their uses (e.g., describe people who are friendly or helpful).
    3. Distinguish shades of meaning among related words that describe states of mind or degrees of certainty (e.g., knew, believed, suspected, heard, and wondered).
  • 3.L.6  Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate conversational, general academic, and domain-specific words and phrases, including those that signal spatial and temporal relationships (e.g., After dinner that night, we went looking for them).