ELA - Language

Arizona’s English Language Arts Standards - KINDERGARTEN

Language Standards


Conventions of Standard English

  • K.L.1  Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
    1. Use frequently occurring nouns and verbs.
    2. Form regular plural nouns orally by adding /s/ or /es/ (e.g., dog, dogs; wish, wishes).
    3. Understand and use question words (interrogatives) (e.g., who, what, where, when, why, how).
    4. Use the most frequently occurring prepositions (e.g., to, from, in, out, on, off, for, of, by, with).
    5. Produce and expand complete sentences in shared language activities.
  • K.L.2  Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
    1. Capitalize the first word in a sentence and the pronoun I.
    2. Recognize and name end punctuation.

Knowledge of Language

  • K.L.3  (Begins in grade 2)

Vocabulary Acquisition and Use

  • K.L.4  (Begins in grade 1)
  • K.L.5  With guidance and support from adults, explore word relationships and nuances in word meanings.
    1. Sort common objects into categories (e.g., shapes, foods) to gain a sense of the concepts the categories represent.
    2. Demonstrate understanding of frequently occurring verbs and adjectives by relating them to their antonyms.
    3. Identify real‐life connections between words and their use (e.g., note places at school that are colorful).
    4. Distinguish shades of meaning among verbs describing the same general action (e.g., walk, march, strut, prance) by acting out the meanings.
  • K.L.6  Use words and phrases acquired through conversations, reading and being read to, and responding to texts.