Athletic training has been recognized by the American Medical Association (AMA) as an allied health care profession since 1990  as defined by the Strategic Implementing Team of the National Athletic Trainers' Association (NATA) in August 2007.
"Athletic training is practiced by athletic trainers, health care professionals who collaborate with physicians to optimize activity and participation of patients and clients. Athletic training encompasses the prevention, diagnosis, and intervention of emergency, acute and chronic medical conditions involving impairment, functional limitations and disabilities."
There are six domains of athletic training:
* Clinical evaluation and diagnosis
* Immediate care
* Treatment, rehabilitation, and reconditioning
* Organization and administration
* Professional responsibilities
An athletic trainer functions as an integral member of the health care team in clinics, secondary schools, colleges and universities, professional sports programs, and other athletic health care settings. "What is an Athletic Trainer?". The Board of Certification Website. 2007. "Strategic implementation team defines profession". NATA News (12/2007): 14. 2007. "Prentice, W. (2011). Principles of Athletic Training. New York: McGraw-Hill.